Guide to the Eurostat New Cronos

INTRODUCTION

Situated in Luxembourg, Eurostat is the Statistical Office of the European Communities. Its key role is to provide the European Union with a high-quality statistical information service that enables comparisons between countries and regions. Eurostat's principal database is the New Cronos - which contains high quality macroeconomic and social statistics data covering not only European Union (EU) Member States but also many of the central European countries, Japan, the United States and the main economic partners of the EU.

The New Cronos database contains monthly, quarterly, bi-annual or annual data from 1960 onwards, depending on the variable and country selected.

Data are available for all EU countries but coverage does depend on the variable and time period required. Data is also available for the sub-national areas within the EU countries. Other countries covered include Japan, the United States, the central European countries and other main economic partners of the Union.

The data are organised into:   

  • Database by Themes: contains the full range of public data available at Eurostat. They are presented in multi-dimensional tables with multiple selection features and export formats.
  • Tables by Themes: offers a selection of the most important Eurostat data in a user-friendly way. All data are presented in simple two- or three-dimensional tables.
  • Tables on EU Policy: provides various sets of data which track  EU policies. The indicators presented are relatively stable and can be used to assess progress towards the policy goals. 

The first two options are organised according to nine statistical themes and the Tables on EU Policy present a selection of data organised according to specific EU policies. 

Main topics

Theme 1: General Statistics - Major indicators for the Member States of the European Union, non-member countries, applicant countries and regions.

Theme 2: Economy and Finance - Data on national accounts, prices and purchasing power parities, such as statistics on currency and the finance sector.

Theme 3: Population and Social Conditions - Statistics on population, health, employment, consumption and living conditions.

Theme 4: Industry, Trade and Services - Indicators and statistics on industrial activity, production, wholesale and retail trade, banks and services in Europe.

Theme 5: Agriculture and Fisheries - Accounts, indices, prices and statistics on agriculture and fisheries.

Theme 6: External Trade - Statistics on intra- and extra-European Union trade.

Theme 7: Transport - Data on air, rail, road and inland waterway transport in the European Union.

Theme 8: Environment and Energy - Statistics and indicators on the impact of population on the environment (production of waste, emissions and pollutants, climate, biodiversity, etc.) and on the impact on the economy (environmental spending).

Theme 9: Science and Technology - Information on research and development, innovation and employment in the advanced-technology sectors, available for the Member States of the European Union and non-member countries.

For further information on the contents of each of the Eurostat themes, see the statistics section of the Eurostat website which includes links to all accompanying metadata.

Eurostat uses data collected from national statistical institutes to produce these statistics and harmonises them according to a single methodology.

Note: In January 2002 Eurostat introduced in its dissemination database a series labelled “national currency (including ‘euro fixed’ series for euro-zone countries)”. On 1 March 2002 the series denominated in the former national currencies of the euro-zone countries were removed. In general, the series in "national currency" should only be used for time series analysis; the series labelled “euro (from 1.1.1999)/ECU (up to 31.12.1998)” should be used for cross-country comparisons and aggregations.

Access Eurostat New Cronos

Access to the Eurostat New Cronos via Beyond 20/20 is available to all UK Further/Higher Education (FE/HE) users. This includes undergraduates, postgraduates, researchers and staff at an FE/HE institution in the UK. 

User RESOURCES

Eurostat produces the following documentation:       

  • the Eurostat website provides free data and documentation for the New Cronos database
  • Thematic Statistics Glossary contains definitions, brief and simple but linking to further information, of all terms used
  • Statistics Explained is a new tool that offers an easy access to Eurostat's statistical information
  • the Eurostat Concept and Definitions Database (CODED)
  • RAMON, Eurostat's classification server, aims at making available as much information as possible relating to the main international statistical classifications in various fields: economic analysis, environment, education, occupations, national accounts, etc
  • the European Statistical Support Centre in the UK is another useful source of information - contact is via the online form on the Help/User Support UK section of the Eurostat website
  • Eurostat provides an interactive user interface to Eurostat data, which is freely available to all and contains all associated metadata
  • the Eurostat website also provides several visualisation and data extraction tools

 

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