Situated in Luxembourg, Eurostat is the Statistical Office of the European Communities. Its key role is to provide the European Union with a high-quality statistical information service that enables comparisons between countries and regions. Eurostat's principal database is the New Cronos - which contains high quality macroeconomic and social statistics data covering not only European Union (EU) Member States but also many of the central European countries, Japan, the United States and the main economic partners of the EU.
The New Cronos database contains monthly, quarterly, bi-annual or annual data from 1960 onwards, depending on the variable and country selected.
Data are available for all EU countries but coverage does depend on the variable and time period required. Data is also available for the sub-national areas within the EU countries. Other countries covered include Japan, the United States, the central European countries and other main economic partners of the Union.
The data within the Eurostat interface are organised into:
The first two options are organised according to nine statistical themes and the Tables on EU Policy present a selection of data organised according to specific EU policies.
Theme 1: General Statistics - Major indicators for the Member States of the European Union, non-member countries, applicant countries and regions.
Theme 2: Economy and Finance - Data on national accounts, prices and purchasing power parities, such as statistics on currency and the finance sector.
Theme 3: Population and Social Conditions - Statistics on population, health, employment, consumption and living conditions.
Theme 4: Industry, Trade and Services - Indicators and statistics on industrial activity, production, wholesale and retail trade, banks and services in Europe.
Theme 5: Agriculture and Fisheries - Accounts, indices, prices and statistics on agriculture and fisheries.
Theme 6: External Trade - Statistics on intra- and extra-European Union trade.
Theme 7: Transport - Data on air, rail, road and inland waterway transport in the European Union.
Theme 8: Environment and Energy - Statistics and indicators on the impact of population on the environment (production of waste, emissions and pollutants, climate, biodiversity, etc.) and on the impact on the economy (environmental spending).
Theme 9: Science and Technology - Information on research and development, innovation and employment in the advanced-technology sectors, available for the Member States of the European Union and non-member countries.
For further information on the contents of each of the Eurostat themes, see the statistics section of the Eurostat website which includes links to all accompanying metadata.
Eurostat uses data collected from national statistical institutes to produce these statistics and harmonises them according to a single methodology.
Note: In January 2002 Eurostat introduced in its dissemination database a series labelled “national currency (including ‘euro fixed’ series for euro-zone countries)”. On 1 March 2002 the series denominated in the former national currencies of the euro-zone countries were removed. In general, the series in "national currency" should only be used for time series analysis; the series labelled “euro (from 1.1.1999)/ECU (up to 31.12.1998)” should be used for cross-country comparisons and aggregations.
Access Eurostat New Cronos
Access to the Eurostat New Cronos is currently via Eurostat's own data dissemination interface.
Note: The UK Data Service team at Mimas aim to ingest this data into the UKDS.Stat interface in the future, so it will be searchable alongside the rest of the international macrodata portfolio.
Eurostat produces the following documentation: