COVID-19

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Data that gives context to the pandemic

Key data

Please note that these pages are a work in progress and will be updated regularly.

Whilst much of the data specific to COVID-19 is not yet widely available, a number of studies may provide useful data to investigate its societal and social impact. These include surveys that explore topics such as population health, employment and levels of deprivation, as well as geographic differences both inside and outside the UK.

The majority of the data described are known as 'raw', 'primary' or 'source' data in the sense that they represent information that has been collected 'first-hand'; they are original data sources which may then be used for 'secondary' analysis by researchers not involved in the data collection process. The majority of these data are anonymised because they describe the attitudes, behaviour, circumstances and personal details of the individuals being studied. These types of data are heavily used by the academic and government research communities.

The UK Data Service provides access to the following primary data sources:

Study name Coverage Topics

Annual Population Survey 2004-ongoing; individual level data; UK

2004-ongoing; individual level data; UK

socio-economic status
employment
workplace
ethnicity
education
health

Census aggregate data

1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011: England, Wales, and Scotland

1991, 2001, 2011: Northern Ireland

age
general health
limiting long-term illness
provision of care
employment
method of travel to work
ethnic group
accommodation type
tenure
central heating
number of rooms
number of persons per room
number of bedrooms
number of persons per bedroom
household size
deprivation by dimensions
occupancy rating (overcrowding)
population density
2011 UK Townsend Deprivation Scores (available in dkan)

Census boundary data

1981 to 2011

digitised boundary datasets and geographic look-up tables corresponding to the census geography of the UK allows for analysis of spatial relationships of data

Census flow data

1981-2001 England and Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland

commuting (by age, sex and ns-sec)
method of travel to work
car or van availability
household density

Census microdata

1991, 2001 and 2011

limiting-long term illness
number of carers
economic activity
socio-economic classification
employment
age
general health

2011 Census Ad Hoc Household Composition (Age Groups) Safeguarded Tables

2011
England and Wales

age

English Housing Survey: Fuel Poverty Dataset, 2017

2017, England
Individuals, families, households

energy prices
fuels
energy consumption
gas consumption

English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA)

1998- continuing (longitudinal)
England

health
disability
retirement
social networks households

European Quality of Life Survey

2003-continuing
Europe

community facilities
neighbourhood perceptions
housing facilities
standard of living
general health
chronic conditions
access to doctor

Eurostat New Cronos

1960- continuing country and regional level data
25 European Union countries, plus some coverage of others, including Japan, United States

public health indicators
health and safety
health care
self-perceived health
illness
causes of death
living conditions and welfare
household characteristics
material deprivation
environment of the dwelling

Family Resources Survey

1993-ongoing; household level data; Great Britain and Northern Ireland

income
benefits
tax payments and national insurance contributions
housing costs including council tax
demographics

Health Surveys:
Health Survey for England (HSE)
Welsh Health Survey (WHS)
Scottish Health Survey (SHeS)
Northern Ireland Health Survey (previously the Northern Ireland Health and Social Wellbeing Survey)

1991- continuing (repeated cross-section)

physiological measures
service use
cardiovascular disease
physical
exercise
work and leisure
dietary habits

Labour Force Survey

1975-1983 biennial Annually from 1984
Quarterly from 1992
UK

work history
hours worked
earnings (1992+)
education
health/disability
demographics

Living Costs and Food Survey

2001-ongoing; household level data; UK

bank accounts and charges
business records
financial resources and support
household expenditure
socio-economic status

METER: UK Household Electricity and Activity Survey, 2016-2019

2016 – 2019 (latest publication)
ongoing

household electricity readings with simultaneous activity records of household members
demographic information

Millennium Cohort Study

2000 – ongoing

family background
mental health and wellbeing
housing
employment
income
verbal, language and numeric ability

National Child Development Study, 1958

1958 – ongoing

physical and educational development
economic circumstances
employment
family life
health behaviour
wellbeing
social participation
attitudes

Next Steps (previously the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England (LSYPE1))

Every year 2004 – 2010
2015 –
ongoing

education and employment
economic circumstances
family life
physical and emotional health and wellbeing
social participation
attitudes

OECD Health Statistics

1980- continuing country level data
Multi-nation

health
mortality
hospitals
health care
diseases

OECD Income Distribution and Poverty

1974 to 2017 country level data
Multi-nation

poverty
inequality
age breakdowns
health care
diseases

Opinions and Lifestyle Survey

1990-ongoing; individuals/families/households in Great Britain; repeated cross-sectional survey topics vary by month

economic activity
travel
health
health behaviour
quality of life
travel

Surveys of Psychiatric Morbidity

1993 – ongoing
(repeated cross-section)
Britain

alcohol, drug and tobacco use
alcohol dependence
physical complaints
use of services for homeless people
income and state benefits,
employment
demographic variables
stays in psychiatric hospitals

Understanding Society

Annually 2009 – continuing (longitudinal) UK household

cohabitation
employment
quality of life
material deprivation measures
disability and caring
depression
sleep behaviour
access to public services
media/computer/news usage
car ownership

World Development indicators

1960- continuing country level data
Multi-nation

economic activity
poverty
labour force structure
migration
health
population density
transportation

1970 British Cohort Study

1970 – continuing
Britain

health
physical, educational and social development

COVID-19 data
Data catalogue
Research
Resources

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DATA CATALOGUE