Poverty

The eradication of ‘poverty in all its forms everywhere’ is the first of the Sustainable Development Goals, the intergovernmental set of aspiration goals agreed upon by 193 countries in 2015 at the United Nations. Extreme poverty is characterised by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities and shelter. Relative poverty occurs in all countries and is defined in terms of minimum acceptable standards of living within the society in which a particular person lives. Relative poverty can lead to social exclusion when people do not have sufficient material resources to participate in social, economic, political and cultural life and their relationships with others.

The UK Data Service hosts a number of key collections on the complexities of poverty, living standards and social exclusion ranging from individual life courses to large scale surveys and country-level indicators. Explore our library of impact case studies demonstrating how our data have been used. Find out how to search our catalogue.

Some key datasets

Here are some popular datasets within the theme of poverty.

British Household Panel Survey

Coverage: 1991 – 2009; Great Britain and United Kingdom

Topic: See data catalogue record for full topic listing.

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British Social Attitudes Survey

Coverage: 1983 – ongoing; Great Britain

Topic: See data catalogue record for full topic listing.

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Citizenship Survey

Coverage: 2001 - 2011; England and Wales

Topic: See data catalogue record for full topic listing.

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Community Life Survey

Coverage: 2012 - ongoing; England

Topic: See data catalogue record for full topic listing.

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European Quality of Life Survey

Coverage: 2003 - ongoing; Europe

Topic: See data catalogue record for full topic listing.

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European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions

Coverage: 2006 – ongoing; c. 30 countries

Topic: See data catalogue record for full topic listing.

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Family Resources Survey

Coverage: 1993 - ongoing; Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Topic: See data catalogue record for full topic listing.

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Households Below Average Income

Coverage: 1994/5 - ongoing; United Kingdom

Topic: See data catalogue record for full topic listing.

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OECD Social and Welfare Statistics, 1974-2018

Coverage: 1974 - 2018; Multi-nation

Topic: See data catalogue record for full topic listing.

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Poverty and Social Exclusion Living Standards Survey, 2012

Coverage: 2012; United Kingdom

Topic: See data catalogue record for full topic listing.

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Understanding Society

Coverage: 2009 - ongoing; United Kingdom

Topic: See data catalogue record for full topic listing.

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World Bank Africa Development Indicators, 1960-2011

Coverage: 1960 - 2011; Africa

Topic: See data catalogue record for full topic listing.

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